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Abstract Detail


Plant biotech & Risk Assessment

Das, Malay [1], Schäffner, Anton R. [2], Mader, Michael T. [3], Reichman, Jay R. [4], Watrud, Lidia S. [4], Pfleeger, Thomas G. [4], Olszyk, David M. [4].

Global expression profiling as a tool to develop molecular markers linked to herbicide stress in Arabidopsis.

Herbicide drift (unintentional physical movement from target to off-target plants) is a cause of crop loss in US. Low-dose, high-potency herbicides that have short environmental persistence times constrain efforts to develop or identify metabolite or biochemical markers of exposure that may be useful in environmental risk assessment. Using whole genome microarrays (Affymetrix, ATH1), we have characterized the transcriptional response of the model dicot Arabidopsis thaliana to five chemically unrelated herbicides- four inhibiting acetolactate synthase (ALS) and one inhibiting 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3- phosphate synthase (EPSPS). Significant changes in transcript abundance due to ALS inhibition were mapped to different metabolic pathways to mine the potential physiological relevance. A set of 114 candidate markers was identified that generate diagnostic signatures specific to individual herbicide treatments. The resultant expression profile matrix was compared with other major abiotic, biotic and plant growth regulator stressors available at www.genevestigator.ethz.ch to identify distinct as well as correlated expression patterns. Further investigation is necessary to determine the utility of the candidate markers for drift assessment issues in related crops and non-crop species at risk.


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1 - National Research Council, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Risk characterization Branch, 200 Southwest 35th Street, Corvallis, Oregon, 97333, U.S.A
2 - GSF - National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute of Biochemical Plant Pathology
3 - GSF - National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute of Stem Cell Research
4 - U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Western Ecology Division, Risk Characterization Branch

Keywords:
chemical herbicide
drift
gene expression
microarray
molecular marker.

Presentation Type: Plant Biology Abstract
Session: P
Location: Exhibit Hall (Northeast, Southwest & Southeast)/Hilton
Date: Sunday, July 8th, 2007
Time: 8:00 AM
Number: P45011
Abstract ID:837


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