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Abstract Detail


Systematics Section / ASPT

Pandey, Arun K. [1], Kumar, Niraj [2], Kumar, Aishwarya [2].

Taxonomy of the genus Momordica (Cucurbitaceae) in India.

Genus Momordica L. is represented by seven species in India. Based on morphological characters, three distinct groups are recognized. One group contains Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng., M. dioica Roxb., M. macrophylla Gange and M. subangulata Blume. These species are characterized by dioecious nature of plants. These can be further distinguished on the basis of sepal characters. M. subangulata is characterized by obtuse sepals whereas in M. dioica, M. cochinchinensis and M. macrophylla sepals are acute. These three species can further be distinguished in two groups. In one group (M. dioica), the petioles are eglandular whereas in second group (M. cochinchinensis and M. macrophylla) the petioles are 1-5 glandular. M. cochinchinensis and M. macrophylla are further characterized on the basis of leaf lamina. In M. macrophylla lamina are undivided whereas in M. cochinchinensis leaf lamina are 3-5 lobed. Second group includes M. charantia L. and M. balsamina L. These species are characterized by monoecious plants. M. balsamina and M. charantia, however, differ in their bract characters. In M. charantia bracts of male flowers are about the middle or below the middle of the peduncle. Third group includes M. denudata (Thw.) C.B. Clarke. This species differs from remaining six species of Momordica in having male peduncles several-flowered. Systematic significance of morphological characters will be discussed.


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1 - Tm Bhagalpur University, Department of Botany, Bhagalpur, 812007, India
2 - TM Bhagalpur University, Botany Department, Bhagalpur, Bihar, 812007, India

Keywords:
taxonomy
Momordica
Cucurbitaceae.

Presentation Type: Oral Paper:Papers for Sections
Session: CP43
Location: Stevens 3/Hilton
Date: Wednesday, July 11th, 2007
Time: 9:30 AM
Number: CP43007
Abstract ID:2279


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