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Abstract Detail


Membrane Transport

Brinkmann, Christopher [1], Komarova, Nataliya [1], Thor, Kathrin [1], Dietrich, Daniela [2], Suter-Grotemeyer, Marianne [1], Rentsch, Doris [1].

Transporters for di- and tripeptides in Arabidopsis.

For the efficient redistribution of organic nitrogen in plants, small peptides are proposed as an important alternative to amino acids. Transporters for di- and tripeptides have been identified belonging to the PTR (peptide transporter) family, a large family with over 50 members in Arabidopsis that also comprises low-affinity nitrate transporters and a large number of non-characterized transporter proteins.
In this study we focus on five highly homologous AtPTR genes. Using heterologous expression systems, we could demonstrate that at least three AtPTRs are able to transport di- and tripeptides. Expression of the GUS reporter gene under the control of the different AtPTR promoters showed distinct expression patterns. Furthermore, AtPTR/GFP fusion proteins were localized at the plasma membrane or at the tonoplast when transiently expressed in protoplasts. The results suggest that the AtPTRs play specific roles in intracellular and long-distance transport of small peptides, in uptake of peptides from the soil and in nitrogen redistribution during seed loading, germination and senescence. To further assess their physiological function, T-DNA insertion lines and lines overexpressing AtPTRs are currently being analyzed.


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1 - University of Bern, Institute of Plant Sciences, Molecular Plant Physiology, Altenbergrain 21, Bern, 3013, Switzerland
2 - University of Nottingham, Division of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE12 5RD, England

Keywords:
Arabidopsis
peptide transport
peptides
nitrogen reallocation
tonoplast transporter.

Presentation Type: Plant Biology Abstract
Session: P
Location: Exhibit Hall (Northeast, Southwest & Southeast)/Hilton
Date: Sunday, July 8th, 2007
Time: 8:00 AM
Number: P10011
Abstract ID:1843


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