A Historical Perspective on Chicago Area Botany
Ruddat, Manfred .
The legacy and contributions of the Botanical Gazette to botany.
John M. Coulterís 10 cent, four-page first issue of the Botanical Bulletin published in 1875 became, twelve issues and one year later, the Botanical Gazette, which continued for 151 volumes. Coulterís regular botanical reports, innumerable reviews, and strong contacts with colleagues, especially in Europe, established the world-wide reputation of the Botanical Gazette. The editors, busy running the Bot Gaz, as it was affectionately called, also helped found in 1914 the Botanical Society of America and the American Journal of Botany. In addition, Bot Gaz editors and faculty of the Department of Botany at the University of Chicago were instrumental in founding the American Association of Plant Physiologists and Plant Physiology in 1924. The Botanical Gazette, in its mission statement, invited contributions in all areas of the orthodox plant sciences to which, in the 1980s, was added molecular biology and host-pathogen interactions. However, even in the early volumes of the Bot Gaz, investigations of parasitic fungi and bacterial nitrogen fixation enjoyed many prominent publications. Reports on natural history, floristics, and anatomy, however, prevailed, as they did in other botany journals of the time, before and around the turn of the last century. Ecology, especially physiographic ecology, rose early to prominence. The reputation of the Bot Gaz resulted, to a large extent, from publications of ecological research. Ground-breaking reports on photoperiodism and phytochrome were also a hallmark of the journal. The Chicago strain of Xanthium, collected at Midway airport, on the then outskirts of Chicago, became, because of its sensitivity to a single inductive period, a well-established war horse in photoperiodic research. After 116 years of continuous publication, the Botanical Gazette developed into the International Journal of Plant Sciences, currently in volume 168.
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1 - University of Chicago, Ecology and Evolution, 1101 E. 57th Street, Chicago, IL, 60637, USA
International Journal of Plant Sciences
John M Coulter
Presentation Type: Symposium or Colloquium Presentation
Location: Williford C/Hilton
Date: Tuesday, July 10th, 2007
Time: 10:00 AM